The Iron Gates Natural Park is a protected area, a territory in which the remarkable beauty of landscapes and biological diversity can be redeemed under conditions of unaltered conservation of traditions, and the quality of community life is the result of economic activities of the inhabitants, carried out in harmony with nature.
Iron Gates Natural Park is located in the south-west of romania, on the left bank of the Danube valley, between the Buzias and Gura Vaii towns. In its perimeter are the southern extensions of the Banat Mountains (Locvei and Almajului), Mehedinti Mountains and part of the lakes from Mehedinti Plateau.
In 1998, the Ministery of Waters, Forests and Environmental Protection issued the order declaring the Iron Gates Natural Park in the Iron Gates of the Danube in Caras-Severin and Mehedinti with an area of 115 655,85 ha.
Through its natural heritage of the ethno-cultural offers to this space the possibility of developing all forms of tourism. The area is a focal point of scientific tourism, cultural or ecumenical monastic tourism, rest and recreate and rural tourism.
The scientific tourism has emerge as a result of discovery in several localities in the region, on both sides of the Danube Gorge, of numeorus sites with fossil fauna or geological structures that have aroused the interest of geologists and palontologists, living elements of flora an fauna endemic or rare that entered the sphere of attention of botanists, entomologists, zoologists, traces the prehistoric, ancient or feudal what the area has attracted historians and archaeologists.
The cultural toruism is achieved by visiting the heritage objectives (archaeological sites, monuments, religious buildings, museums and popular technique targets), visiting museums, attending cultural events(folk performances of music, dance, celebrations, exhibitions). This form of tourism is also addressed to a notice public and represents a modern form of a holiday. This form of tourism can be practices along PNPF on the Danube Bank. So, you can visit the ancient archaeological objectives (Dacian Fortresses from Divici and Rock Liubcova, Roman Castrum and Foot Bridge of Apollodorus), Middle Ages (the ruins of the fortresses (Sf. Ladislau, Drencova, Tricule) and the Modern History (Veteran Cave, Hydropower and Navigation Iron Gates I Complex). The territory to which we refer has important monuments and national identity of romanians (Tabula Traiana, Decebalus Bust).
Ecumenial (monastic) tourism has existed since the Middle Ages and developed very strong in modern times. Pilgrimage led to the construction of roads and settlements made to flourish trade and industry, has popuarized their cultural aspects. After 1989, with the restaoration of freedom of religion, and there was a growing area of interest for religious spirituality embodied by visiting establishments like St. Ana Monastery, Vodita Monastery, Catholic Cathedral from Orșova.
Rest and recreation tourism. The natural environment of the area offers favorable conditions for the development of this form of tourism, as it is the least expensive addressing virtually to all categories of tourists, regardless of concerns, training, religion or size the wallet. Depending on the way of practicing, characteristic of this form of tourism, are hiking and balneary tourism. The most spectacular scenery across the Danube is the Large and Small Boilers.
Rural tourism is defined by spending the holidays in the countryside. This form of tourism is motivated by the desire to return to nature, to life and traditional customs and implyes staying in a peasant farm (farm guesthouses) or a pension. To be favorable to tourism, rural areas must be located in an environment without pollutants, holding ethno-folk values, culture and traditions village with a rich history and other tourist resources that allow for diversified and personalized offers.
Ecotourism is visiting an area relatively unaffected by human activities, with a low environmental impact, which has an important educational component and provides a direct economic benefit the local economy and population.
Birdwatching is a form of tourism that caters to the passionate pursuit of photographing and feeding behavior and flight bird species. Birdwatching can e pracitced either in special facilities such as tower and bird observatories, either directly in specific habitats without special arrangemets. Same form of tourism can be practiced in wetlands parks on both sides of the Danue, where there are two bird observatories designed for this purpose.
Forest tourism is practised with the basic chalets and forest cantons specially designed for this purpose and can be safely carried out under the guidance of fiels staff of forest districts or land agents from natural and national parks managed by Regia Națională a Pădurilor-Romsilva. Forest tourism is tourism related to hunting and fishing.
Speotourism is one of the forms of tourism that unlock the potential geological speofaunistic, speopeisagistic of acetic areas. The most famous and visited caves are Ponicova, Gaura cu Musca, Peştera cu Apă din Valea Polevii, Zamoniţa, Veterani, each wih its own legends about fantastic animals, outlaws or battles between those who ruled these lands.
Biking is an increasingly common form of active tourism and can bring benefits with minimal investment efforts and also an activity with low environmental impact.
Mountaine-bike is a form of sport tourism related to cycling but it applied to specific routes, mountain bike fitted properly. In parks, on the banks of the Danube this form of sport tourism can be already practiced on many routes.
Nautical tourism is one of the tourism forms with the greatest impact, the existence of the lake reservoir of Iron Gate I, allowing deployment of all forms of sports and leisure tourism.