Thematic route: The cultural heritage route
Name of the touristic attraction: The Archaeological Site “Vrelo-Sarkamen”
Location: Negotin, Municipality of Negotin, Bor District, Eastern Serbia, Republic of Serbia.
The archaeological site Vrelo-Sarkamen is 25 km away from Negotin and only 5 km away from the nearby Stubik Village.
Description: The Roman archaeological site Vrelo-Sarkamen is 25 km away from Negotin. It has been systematically researched by SANU, the Archeological Institute in Belgrade and the Museum of Krajina ever since 1994 when, by the act No. 251/2 from 8.8.1994, of the Institute for Protection of the Cultural Monuments of Nis, this site was assigned the category of “Cultural heritage of great importance for the Republic of Serbia”.
The late antique residential and memorial complex base is square . It has a dimension of 90 x 90 m, with walls made of stone and brick. It is made of ten towers, with the inner diameter of 9 m and the external one of 15 m. The first archaeological researches were conducted by the curators of the Museum of Krajina, Milica and Djordje Jankovic in 1974. They found parts of the imperial porphyry sculpture. This findings are now exhibited at the permanent exhibition of the Museum.
Further researches revealed the fortification of the residence from the 4th century and memorial complex with tumulus and imperial mausoleum, which had been constructed by one of the Tetrarchy Emperors, Maximinus Daia (305-313). The gold belonging to the Mother-Empress, sister of Emperor Gallery was discovered in the mausoleum. Now, the set of the gold found is kept in the National Museum in Belgrade, while the permanent archaeological exhibition of the Museum of Krajina exposes the photos of the findings.
In four campaigns of archaeological excavations (2013-2016), conducted by the Archaeological Institute in Belgrade and Museum of Krajina, the researchers explored the southeast corner of the fortification of the palace with a circular base southeastern tower (tower 8) and the western gate with accompanying towers, out of which the south one is polygonal (tower 1), and the north one is circular (tower 2). In 2014, the entrance was discovered with the monumental stairs in tower 8, as well as the remains of the older fortification villa from the 3rd century, which preceded the construction of the residence. This resulted in the continuation of works on the southeastern part of the fortress, where, in 2015, along the south wall, to the west side of the entrance in tower 8, the researchers discovered a facility for water supply, a water tower, with a system of inlet and outlet channels and a precipitator. In addition, they also discovered the outer part of the tower 8, its connections with the eastern and southern ramparts and its central counterfort. In 2016 the researchers continued the explorations in the southeast corner of the fortress, where they found a room that was probably used as a warehouse or storage, as well as the sector of the western gate, where the fragments of the late antique ceramics belonging to the 4th – 5th century, were found. These findings are exposed in the permanent exhibition showcase. In 2017 and 2018 the excavations on the site of the west gate were continued, after which there will be a presentation of the project overall.
Conditions: The Museum can be reached by bike or by car.
Information and contacts:
Museum of Krajina
Address: Vere Radosavljevic 1, 19300 Negotin, Serbia.
Tel: +381 19 545 072; +381 19 543341
Route close to other thematic route: At 25 km away from the site there are: the central building of the Museum of Krajina, The Memorial House of Stevan Mokranjac, The Museum Haiduk Veljko, The old church of the Birth of the Holy Virgin, The Holy Trinity Church, The powder mill (the only remnant of the fortress Baba Finka). Bukovo Monastery is in the vicinity of the town and at 40 km away from Negotin there is Vratna Monastery . At about 20 km from the town there are the wine cellars of Rajac and Rogljevo.
Other useful information: The area of the municipality Negotin is linked by a whole range of transport network with the Danube and Corridor 10 and international border crossings with Romania and Bulgaria.
Via Djerdap main road, this area is linked to the regional roads: Negotin-Donji Milanovac and Negotin-Kladovo. The network and the quality of the local roads at the territory of Negotin municipality are at satisfactory level.
One can reach Negotin from Belgrade via the international road E 75 through Paracin (300 km), Smederevo, Pozarevac and Majdanpek (290 km), or via the Danube main road, through Donji Milanovac (250 km). The distance from Nis is 150 km, from Zajecar-57 km. The nearest town is Vidin in Bulgaria-55 km and the nearest city from Romania is Turnu Severin-80 km.
GPS coordinates: lat, long: 44.2485149, 22.352841