Thematic Route: The Cultural Heritage Route
Name of the Touristic Attraction: Baia de Aramă.
Location: Mehedinti County. The city of Baia de Arama is at 73 km from Drobeta Turnu Severin. Baia de Aramă can be reached from Drobeta Turnu Severin, on DJ670 towards Baia de Aramă.
Description: The town is situated in the north-west part of Oltenia, Mehedinți Plateau, hidden in a small depression and surrounded by Dochiciu Hill, the Big – Hill and the Cornet Hill. It is crossed by 45 ° Parallel and Bulba river, which springs from the cave with the same name and connects with Ponoare Cave through which the water of Lake Zaton flows and it is known as one of the oldest borough in Oltenia. Today the city is famous for its many tourist attractions: The Saint Voievodes Monastery, which was founded by Constantin Brâncoveanu and has a clover shape and Byzantine painting, the statue of the great ruler Constantin Brâncoveanu or the statue of Tudor Vladimirescu. In the place where the 45 ° Parallel passes, an artesian fountain was built. There are also some Dacian ruins in Baia de Aramă area, a sign that the region was inhabited by the Dacians.
Legend / Story / Impressions / Recommendations: Long time ago in Baia de Aramă people extracted copper ore. The first people who had these occupations were the dacians, after which came the Romans, who continued to exploit the copper, and then the rulers came, the first of them being Mircea the Elder. He had the mines at Bratilov, a settlement near Baia de Aramă. The exploitation of copper continued even in the time of Matei Basarab, then Constantin Brâncoveanu came, which led to the top this type of exploitation. Initially, Baia de Aramă was a village, and in the seventeenth century it became a borough. The settlement was on the great road below the mountain, crossing Wallachia. From Râmnic and Ocna Mare, the road started towards Târgu Jiu and Severin, passing through Polovragi, the Gilort Borough and Baia de Aramă, being used also by the Sibiu merchants. In the middle of the 17th century, this route was used by Paul de Aleppo and Patriarch Macarie of Antioch on their journey to the monasteries of Wallachia. From a geographic point of view, the locality is first mentioned by the chef Constantin Cantacuzino. On its map, printed in Padova, in 1718 appears “Minera di Rama“, located south from Motru River. After 1806, the locality becomes even more known on the Romanian lands! Tudor Vladimirescu is appointed chief of Plaiul Cloşani and people with fortunes build important properties in the area. Among them were Glogoveni boyars, prince Bibescu or Dragicescu Hergot. The place is loaded with history and multiple legends. For example, it is said that Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu, named by the Turks, The Prince of the Carpathian Gold, hid a great treasure under the walls of the Church „The Holy Voivodes”. The seven servants who were in charge of this task were killed afterwards, to take the secret to the grave.
Information and Contact:
Baia de Aramă City Hall: +4 0252-381473, http://www.primariabaiadearama.ro
Route close to other thematic routes:
In the area you can also visit:
– The Bulba Cave
– The Cornet Hill
– The Bulba Keys
– Isverna Commune
– Ponoarele Commune
– Obârșia Cloșani Commune
In the Baia de Arama area you can also visit:
– The Churches in Brebina
– The Church of Titerleşti
– The Old Church in Negoieşti
– The Old Church in Pistriţa
– The Black Water Bridge – on D J 670 at the intersection with D.N. 67D, over the Motru River
– The Dochiciu Hill, where dacian coins have been discovered
– The Twelve Buckets Fountain next to the new church in Brebina
– The Assumption of Holly Mary Church of Pistriţa
– The ore deposit in Brebina
– The House of the Memories – house museum of the singer Nina Predescu, Negoieşti
Other useful information:
- Baia de Aramă Celebration Days and “Mountain, Mountain, beautiful firtree” Folklore National Festival – organized in the first part of September.
- “The Holidays are comeing” Festival – December 18-20.
GPS Coordinates: lat / long: 44.99715279999999 / 22.811905199999956, elevation: 277m.